Benefits of Gardening for the Health of older people

Benefits of Gardening for the Health of older people


Growing plants and gardening is an enjoyable and rewarding activity for older adults. The benefits of gardening for seniors are numerous, and in addition to entertaining, it is also beneficial for improving their health.

Gardening for the Health of older people

Gardening can:

Reduces Stress 

Studies have shown that gardening can lower cortisol levels, reduce stress, and even lower blood pressure.

Protects Hearts and Reduces Stroke Risk


Physical exercise while gardening is another beneficial factor of gardening. Gardening can be considered a great sport and as a daily exercise.

Improves Mood


Usually, gardening is in the fresh air, and it can help your mood. as said before, working under the sunlight also gives us more vitamin D, which affects our mood.

Benefits of Gardening for the Health of older people

How to grow vegetables indoors?  What is hydroponics?

Plants grow through a process called photosynthesis, in which they use sunlight and a chemical inside their leaves called chlorophyll to convert carbon dioxide (a gas in the air) and water into glucose (a type of sugar) and oxygen.

Hydroponics is a form of gardening that uses no soil, but instead grows plants in a solution of water and nutrients. A hydroponic system can grow plants and vegetables faster than growing outdoors in soil, and hydroponic systems can be used year-round. Plants grown hydroponically often yield more, require less space and use less water than conventional gardening. A hydroponic system also can be an ideal solution for apartment dwellers and urbanites who do not have an outdoor gardening plot.

How does hydroponics work? Grow vegetables in the shade


Hydroponic systems work by allowing minute control over environmental conditions like temperature and pH balance and maximized exposure to nutrients and water. Hydroponics operates under a very simple principle: provide plants exactly what they need when they need it. Hydroponics administer nutrient solutions tailored to the needs of the particular plant being grown. They allow you to control exactly how much light the plants receive and for how long. pH levels can be monitored and adjusted. In a highly customized and controlled environment, plant growth accelerates.

By controlling the environment of the plant, many risk factors are reduced. Plants grown in gardens and fields are introduced to a host of variables that negatively impact their health and growth. Fungus in the soil can spread diseases to plants. Wildlife like rabbits can plunder ripening vegetables from your garden. Pests like locusts can descend on crops and obliterate them in an afternoon. 


Hydroponic systems end the unpredictability of growing plants outdoors and on the earth. Without the mechanical resistance of the soil, seedlings can mature much faster. By eliminating pesticides, hydroponics produce much healthier and high-quality fruits and vegetables. Without obstacles, plants are free to grow vigorously and rapidly.

What can be grown in hydroponics?

The five best plants to grow in a hydroponic system are:


      • Lettuce.
      • Spinach.
      • Strawberries.
      • Bell Peppers.
      • Herbs.




Vegetables you can Grow in Pots

Lettuce

Salad crops are among the easiest and quickest crops to grow, they also need very little room so ideal for your first attempt at growing on a windowsill. Lettuce seeds are best sown on the surface of your compost and covered with a very fine layer of compost as the seeds need light to germinate, sow too deeply and they won’t come up. Lettuce can be sprinkled over the surface of your pot to grow a mat of baby leaf salad leaves or sown at the spacings recommended on the packet if you want to harvest a full head of lettuce.

Tomatoes

Depending on the climate where you live tomatoes are grown either outside in a sunny sheltered spot or inside in a greenhouse, polytunnel, or bright conservatory.

Tomatoes are easy to grow and well suited to pots providing they are fed well; bear in mind a single tomato plant can produce hundreds of fruit so nutrient demands are high. Mix poultry manure and seaweed pellet in with the compost and feed plants when required with a liquid tomato feed high in potassium.

Radish

Freshly picked homegrown radishes are delicious with a satisfying crunch and slightly spicy flavor. There is a broad range of varieties with the most popular being ‘Cherry Belle’ or ‘French Breakfast’, all are very easy to grow and take approx. 4 weeks for sowing seed to harvest. Radishes are ideal for growing in pots due to their size and ease and make a tasty windowsill crop where space is limited.

Spring Onions

Spring onions or scallions take up very little space and can be planted in bunches which are harvested as you need them, they are a perfect crop for small container growing.

Spring onions also look fantastic when planted in as part of a display of potted vegetables with their long slender stems graduating from white at the bottom through to dark green at the tips of their leaves. Sow a small pot every 2 or 3 weeks to have a continuous supply throughout the Summer.

Gardening for seniors better health

Gardening never gets old, but sometimes the people who enjoy it the most find it challenging to do. While many seniors give up this pastime, there are ways to continue gardening regardless of mobility or strength.

Research shows gardening and regular contact with plants are useful for seniors. Aromatic plants can help to trigger memories in patients with dementia. Exposure to plants can relax hospital patients and speed healing and recovery times.

Gardening can also act as occupational therapy. Pruning, planting, weeding, and watering are physically stimulating and can help to encourage the use of motor skills. And don’t underestimate the psychological well-being gardening offers. Seniors benefit emotionally from having the opportunity to care for something at a time when someone else is caring for them. And the act of gardening reduces stress levels and promotes relaxation.

The physical challenges of gardening may require some modifications. For starters, it may be necessary to seek out adaptive, ergonomic tools designed to be more user-friendly for arthritic or weak hands.